Serum constituents might directly affect metabolic diseases pathogenesis and are commonly used as diagnostic tool. The aim of this study wasto investigate the human serum effect on in vitro gene expression, related to nutrients action and involved in lipid metabolism. In detail, 40human sera were firstly analyzed in fatty acids profile by gas-chromatography. Then samples were tested through direct addition withinculture medium on Hep G2 human hepatoma cells, comparing samples from hypercholesterolemic (average 273 mg/dl) versus normocholesterolemicmale subjects (average 155 mg/dl), since this condition is a relevant disease risk factor and is typically consequent to nutritionalstyle. Hypercholesterolemic sera produced a 0.4-fold reduction of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP-1c) mRNA (P<0.05)and a 1.5-fold increase of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) mRNA (P<0.01). Samples with higher concentrations of n-6 fattyacids produced a higher expression of UGT1A1 mRNA. Total fatty acids [docosahexaenoic, eicosopentanoic, arachidonic, linolenic, andlinoleic acid (DHA, EPA, AA, LNA, and LA, respectively)] in each serum resulted roughly inverse with trend of SREBP-1c mRNA expression.Serum AA, LA, and trans fatty acids were more abundant in hypercholesterolemic subjects (P<0.01) while DHA as quota of detected fattyacids was significantly higher in normocholesterolemic subjects (P<0.05). While it is not possible to indicate which component wasresponsible for the observed gene modulations, our data indicate that sera differing in lipid profiles, mainly associated with dietary behavior,differentially affect gene expression known to be involved in metabolic and nutritional related conditions.
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|Titolo:||Selective Action of Human Sera Differing in Fatty Acids and Cholesterol Content on In Vitro Gene Expression|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|