Assessing spatial variability of soil thickness isa critical issue for understanding and predicting slopeprocesses. The present work was aimed at estimating thespatial scales at which the variation of pyroclastic coverthickness occurs in a sample area in the Sorrento Peninsula(Italy). Stochastic simulation was used to understand thespatial variability of pyroclastic cover thickness on MountPendolo and to assess its spatial uncertainty. In the studyarea, covering about 0.7 km2, thickness measurementswere collected using electrical resistivity tomographyprofiles, continuous core drillings and steel rod penetrometrictests. Variographic analysis revealed the occurrenceof an anisotropic behaviour along the N50 and N140directions. In the latter anisotropic direction, a nestedvariogram was fitted including (1) a long-range componentwhich could be related to large-scale factors, like the curvatureof the slope and contributing area and (2) a shorterscale variation which is probably associated with theoccurrence of denudation processes or to the articulatecover/bedrock interface. To assess the spatial variabilityand uncertainty of pyroclastic cover thickness, a stochasticsimulation algorithm was used and 500 equally probableimages of cover thickness were yielded. The resultsshowed that a better thickness distribution map can bedrawn by simulating the data collected on the slope and atthe footslope separately. The approach also alloweddelineating the areas characterized by greater uncertainty,suggesting supplementary measurements to furtherimprove the cover thickness distribution model, thusreducing the uncertainty.
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|Titolo:||Spatial modelling and uncertainty assessment of pyroclastic cover thickness in the Sorrento Peninsula|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|