In the Calabrian Arc, NW–SE oriented left lateral strikeslip faults and associated jog-related features (i.e. folds, reverse/normal faults), have controlled the evolution of the mountain belt since Late Miocene times (KNOTT & TURCO, 1991; VAN DIJK et alii, 2000, and references therein). Segmentation in strike- and oblique-slip fault systems has been the subject of detailed research (e.g. Tchalenko,1970; TCHALENKO & AMBRASEYS, 1970; WALLACE, 1973; AYDIN & NUR, 1982, 1985; AYDIN & PAGE, 1984; BILHAM & WILLIAMS, 1985; SYLVESTER, 1988; VAN DIJK et alii, 2000). In the southern Calabrian Arc, oblique slip fault systems, displacement generates important topographic gradients with associated uplift and subsidence forming both uplifted ranges and sedimentary depocentres (Sylvester, 1988). All these data allow us to propose a detailed tectonic evolution for the Siderno strait from its initial formation during the Serravallian until the present-day, as well as to evaluate the influence of strike-slip fault and reverse fault present
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