CO 2 hydrogenation to dimethyl ether (DME) is a promising strategy to drive the current chemical industry towards a low-carbon scenario since DME can be used as an eco-friendly fuel as well as a platform molecule for chemical production. A Cu-ZnO-ZrO 2 /ferrierite (CZZ/FER) hybrid grain was recently proposed as a catalyst for CO 2 -to-DME one-pot conversion exhibiting high DME productivity thanks to the unique shape-selectivity offered by ferrierite zeolite. Nevertheless, such a catalyst deactivates but no direct evidence has been reported of activity loss over time. In this work, CZZ/FER catalysts with different acidity levels were characterized with the FTIR technique before and after reactions, aiming to give new insights about catalyst deactivation. Results show that activity loss can be related to both (i) copper particle sintering, which decreases CO 2 activation towards methanol, and (ii) acidity loss due to H + /Cu 2+ ion exchange.

In situ FT-IR characterization of CuZnZr/ferrierite hybrid catalysts for one-pot CO 2 -to-DME conversion

Catizzone, Enrico;Migliori, Massimo;Giordano, Girolamo
2018

Abstract

CO 2 hydrogenation to dimethyl ether (DME) is a promising strategy to drive the current chemical industry towards a low-carbon scenario since DME can be used as an eco-friendly fuel as well as a platform molecule for chemical production. A Cu-ZnO-ZrO 2 /ferrierite (CZZ/FER) hybrid grain was recently proposed as a catalyst for CO 2 -to-DME one-pot conversion exhibiting high DME productivity thanks to the unique shape-selectivity offered by ferrierite zeolite. Nevertheless, such a catalyst deactivates but no direct evidence has been reported of activity loss over time. In this work, CZZ/FER catalysts with different acidity levels were characterized with the FTIR technique before and after reactions, aiming to give new insights about catalyst deactivation. Results show that activity loss can be related to both (i) copper particle sintering, which decreases CO 2 activation towards methanol, and (ii) acidity loss due to H + /Cu 2+ ion exchange.
Catalyst deactivation; CO 2 hydrogenation ; Cu-ZnO-ZrO 2; Dimethyl ether; Ferrierite zeolite; FTIR; Zeolite Brønsted/Lewis acidity; Materials Science (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/289683
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