Modern, efficient Answer Set Programming solvers implement answer set search via non-chronological backtracking algorithms. The extension of these algorithms to answer set enumeration is nontrivial. In fact, adding blocking constraints to discard already computed answer sets is inadequate because the introduced constraints may not fit in memory or deteriorate the efficiency of the solver. On the other hand, the algorithm implemented by CLASP, which can run in polynomial space, requires to modify the answer set search procedure. The algorithm is revised in this paper so as to make it almost independent from the underlying answer set search procedure, provided that the procedure accepts as input a logic program and a list of assumption literals, and returns an answer set (and associated branching literals). In fact, thanks to an alternative view in terms of transition systems, the revised algorithm is suitable to easily accommodate the enumerate of models of other Boolean languages, among them classical models of propositional theories. On a pragmatic level, the paper presents two implementations of the enumeration algorithm, in WASP for answer set enumeration, and in GLUCOSE for classical models enumeration. The implemented systems are compared empirically to the state of the art solver CLASP.

Model Enumeration via Assumption Literals

Alviano M.;Dodaro C.
2019

Abstract

Modern, efficient Answer Set Programming solvers implement answer set search via non-chronological backtracking algorithms. The extension of these algorithms to answer set enumeration is nontrivial. In fact, adding blocking constraints to discard already computed answer sets is inadequate because the introduced constraints may not fit in memory or deteriorate the efficiency of the solver. On the other hand, the algorithm implemented by CLASP, which can run in polynomial space, requires to modify the answer set search procedure. The algorithm is revised in this paper so as to make it almost independent from the underlying answer set search procedure, provided that the procedure accepts as input a logic program and a list of assumption literals, and returns an answer set (and associated branching literals). In fact, thanks to an alternative view in terms of transition systems, the revised algorithm is suitable to easily accommodate the enumerate of models of other Boolean languages, among them classical models of propositional theories. On a pragmatic level, the paper presents two implementations of the enumeration algorithm, in WASP for answer set enumeration, and in GLUCOSE for classical models enumeration. The implemented systems are compared empirically to the state of the art solver CLASP.
Answer Set Programming; Assumption Literals; Enumeration
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/295581
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