A great interest surrounds the development of nanoparticles (NPs) for biomedical applications such as drug delivery and cancer therapy. However, the interplay between nanoscale materials and biological systems and the associated hazards have not been completely clarified yet. In this study, bovine oviductal epithelial cells (BOECs) and embryos were used as in vitro models to investigate whether cell mitosis and early mammalian embryo development could be affected by the exposure to polystyrene (PS) nanoparticles. Analysis of the karyotype performed on BOECs exposed to PS-NPs did not show chromosomal anomalies compared to the control, although more tetraploid metaphase plates were observed in the former. In vitro fertilization experiments designed to understand whether exposure to PS-NPs could affect pre-implantation development showed that incubation with PS-NPs decreased 8-cell embryo and blastocyst rate in dose-dependent fashion. The quality of the blastocysts in terms of mean cell percent blastomeres with fragmented DNA was the same in exposed blastocysts compared to controls. These results show that the exposure to PS-NPs may impair development. In turn, this may affect the rate of mitosis in embryos and yield a lower developmental competence to reach the blastocyst stage. This suggests that release in the environment and the subsequent accumulation of PS-NPs into living organisms should be carefully monitored to prevent cytotoxic effects that may compromise their reproduction rates.

Polystyrene nanoparticles may affect cell mitosis and compromise early embryo development in mammals

Barbato V.;Pallotta M. M.;Catapano G.;
2020

Abstract

A great interest surrounds the development of nanoparticles (NPs) for biomedical applications such as drug delivery and cancer therapy. However, the interplay between nanoscale materials and biological systems and the associated hazards have not been completely clarified yet. In this study, bovine oviductal epithelial cells (BOECs) and embryos were used as in vitro models to investigate whether cell mitosis and early mammalian embryo development could be affected by the exposure to polystyrene (PS) nanoparticles. Analysis of the karyotype performed on BOECs exposed to PS-NPs did not show chromosomal anomalies compared to the control, although more tetraploid metaphase plates were observed in the former. In vitro fertilization experiments designed to understand whether exposure to PS-NPs could affect pre-implantation development showed that incubation with PS-NPs decreased 8-cell embryo and blastocyst rate in dose-dependent fashion. The quality of the blastocysts in terms of mean cell percent blastomeres with fragmented DNA was the same in exposed blastocysts compared to controls. These results show that the exposure to PS-NPs may impair development. In turn, this may affect the rate of mitosis in embryos and yield a lower developmental competence to reach the blastocyst stage. This suggests that release in the environment and the subsequent accumulation of PS-NPs into living organisms should be carefully monitored to prevent cytotoxic effects that may compromise their reproduction rates.
Bos taurus; Bovine embryos; Bovine oviductal epithelial cells; Polystyrene nanoparticles
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/300723
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