In this work, two ZSM-5 type zeolite supported membranes were used as catalytic membrane reactors for dimethyl ether (DME) synthesis via MeOH dehydration. The membranes, both commercial and tubular, had the same ZSM-5 zeolite layers, but a different support each (TiO2 and γ-Al2O3) and were operated as contactors in through flow configuration. The performance of the two membrane reactors was analyzed as a function of the temperature (150–250 °C) and feed pressure (120–300 kPa), spanning a wide range of WHSV (1–13.3 gMeOHgCatalyst–1 h–1) and feed composition (25–100%mol MeOH). The ZSM-5-Al2O3 membrane (Si/Al = 200; porosity of the zeolite layer = 0.2; thickness = 50 μm; area = 50.6 cm2) exhibited always a greater conversion than ZSM-5-TiO2 (Si/Al = 200; porosity of the zeolite layer = 0.2; thickness = 63 μm; area = 18.8 cm2), revealing an influence of the membrane support, correspondent to an additional catalytic effect induced by the Al2O3, which further enhanced the DME production. At 200 °C and 1 h–1, this reactor achieved a MeOH conversion of 86.6 ± 6.7%, very close to thermodynamic equilibrium conversion. In addition, both membrane reactors showed 100% DME selectivity.
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|Titolo:||Methanol Conversion to Dimethyl Ether in Catalytic Zeolite Membrane Reactors|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|