The Crotone Basin is a Neogene-Quaternary depocenter developed along the Ionian margin of Calabria, southern Italy. The basin opening was concomitant with the onset of spreading of the Tyrrhenian backarc Basin during late Serravallian and the subduction of the Ionian lithosphere below the Calabrian Arc. The adoption of modern sequence stratigraphic principles to subdivide the basin fill into stratigraphic sequences of different rank, bounded by subaerial unconformities, has allowed cycles of creation and loss of accommodation mainly related to tectonics to be recognized. In particular, an alternation between phases of basin subsidence, concomitant with spreading of the Tyrrhenian backarc Basin and forward migration of the Arc, and phases of compressional or transpressional tectonics, accompanied by basin uplift and stopping of Arc migration, are well recognizable in the basin fill, in particular for the late Messinian to late Pleistocene part of the succession. The present study highlights the effectiveness of the sequence stratigraphic method in basin analysis to decipher the effects of large-scale tectonic events on sedimentation and ultimately to reconstruct the geodynamic evolution of the central Mediterranean.
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