Road pavement is principally made of mineral aggregates and a bitumen binder. Aggregates, due to their mineralogical nature, have complex chemical compositions and physical properties, which are strongly dependent on the minerals that constitute the stones. In pavement technology, bitumen/aggregate affinity is of paramount importance. Moisture damage in hot mix asphalt (HMA) is one of the major concerns in durability of flexible pavements, to improve the adhesion between the bitumen and the stones and increase the life of the road pavements often it is necessary using additives as the antistripping agents. Currently, there are several techniques such as the Boiling Test, the Rolling Bottle Test (RBT), etc., which evaluate the adhesion between the bitumen and the stones, however, most of them are based on a subjective evaluation. In the present paper, several types of mineral aggregates are characterized in detail by optical microscopy (OM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) in order to correlate the Boiling Test and the contact angle method to investigate the level of bitumen/aggregate affinity. For this reason, a single type of modified bitumen and two adhesion promoters were studied. The obtained results show the reliability of the technique used. However, there are still some limitations regarding the use of a contact angle test in assessing bitumen/aggregate affinity.

A comparison and correlation between bitumen adhesion evaluation test methods, boiling and contact angle tests

Caputo, Paolino;Miriello, Domenico;Bloise, Andrea;Baldino, Noemi;Mileti, Olga;Ranieri, Giuseppe Antonio
2020

Abstract

Road pavement is principally made of mineral aggregates and a bitumen binder. Aggregates, due to their mineralogical nature, have complex chemical compositions and physical properties, which are strongly dependent on the minerals that constitute the stones. In pavement technology, bitumen/aggregate affinity is of paramount importance. Moisture damage in hot mix asphalt (HMA) is one of the major concerns in durability of flexible pavements, to improve the adhesion between the bitumen and the stones and increase the life of the road pavements often it is necessary using additives as the antistripping agents. Currently, there are several techniques such as the Boiling Test, the Rolling Bottle Test (RBT), etc., which evaluate the adhesion between the bitumen and the stones, however, most of them are based on a subjective evaluation. In the present paper, several types of mineral aggregates are characterized in detail by optical microscopy (OM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) in order to correlate the Boiling Test and the contact angle method to investigate the level of bitumen/aggregate affinity. For this reason, a single type of modified bitumen and two adhesion promoters were studied. The obtained results show the reliability of the technique used. However, there are still some limitations regarding the use of a contact angle test in assessing bitumen/aggregate affinity.
Bitumen/aggregate affinity, Rolling bottle test (RBT), Boiling test, Optical microscopy (OM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/306297
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