Abstract: Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the main fat used in the Mediterranean diet. In this work, four monovarietal EVOOs from Calabria (South of Italy) namely Coratina, Ottobratica, Leccino, and Nocellara del Belice and Ottobratica from Calabria (Southern Italy) were investigated for their quality and CIELab parameters as well as antioxidant activity. Statistical significant differences were evidenced among investigated samples. Ottobratica EVOO showed the highest oxidative stability with a protective index (PI) of 29.52 h. This autochthonous cultivar was characterized by the highest total phenols content (452.44 mg of gallic acid/kg of oil) and α-tocopherol content (175.15 ppm) as well as the most promising antioxidant activity with a RACI value of − 0.18. Results evidenced that all the investigated Calabrian EVOOs are characterized by a good physico-chemical quality well within the limits indicated by the regulations issued by the European Union and by the International Olive Council for an EVOO and, also, by a promising healthy properties due their content in bioactive compounds. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Quality parameters, chemical compositions and antioxidant activities of Calabrian (Italy) monovarietal extra virgin olive oils from autochthonous (Ottobratica) and allochthonous (Coratina, Leccino, and Nocellara Del Belice) varieties

Leporini M.;Aiello F.;Falco T.;Reitano A.;Tundis R.;Loizzo M. R.
2021

Abstract

Abstract: Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is the main fat used in the Mediterranean diet. In this work, four monovarietal EVOOs from Calabria (South of Italy) namely Coratina, Ottobratica, Leccino, and Nocellara del Belice and Ottobratica from Calabria (Southern Italy) were investigated for their quality and CIELab parameters as well as antioxidant activity. Statistical significant differences were evidenced among investigated samples. Ottobratica EVOO showed the highest oxidative stability with a protective index (PI) of 29.52 h. This autochthonous cultivar was characterized by the highest total phenols content (452.44 mg of gallic acid/kg of oil) and α-tocopherol content (175.15 ppm) as well as the most promising antioxidant activity with a RACI value of − 0.18. Results evidenced that all the investigated Calabrian EVOOs are characterized by a good physico-chemical quality well within the limits indicated by the regulations issued by the European Union and by the International Olive Council for an EVOO and, also, by a promising healthy properties due their content in bioactive compounds. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Chemical profile
Colour analysis
Extra virgin olive oil
Minor components
Oxidative stability
Quality parameters
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/309311
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