Estrogen receptor alpha (ER) and the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) pathways are engaged in a functional cross talk in breast cancer, promoting tumor progression and increased resistance to anticancer treatments and radiotherapy. Here, we introduce new mechanisms through which proteins of the IGF-I/IGF-IR signaling pathway may regulate ER function in the absence of ligand. Our results indicate that in ER-positive breast cancer cells, Akt2 modulates ER transcriptional activity at multiple levels, including (i) the regulation of ER expression and its nuclear retention and (ii) the activation of one of its downstream targets, the Forkhead transcription factor FoxO3a. FoxO3a colocalizes and coprecipitates with ER in the nucleus, where it binds to Forkhead-responsive sequences on the ER target pS2/TFF-1 promoter; in addition, FoxO3a silencing leads to an increase of ER transcriptional activity, suggesting a repressive role of the Forkhead transcription factor in ER function. Moreover, 17β-estradiol upregulates FoxO3a levels, which could represent the basis for an ER-mediated homeostatic mechanism. These findings provide further evidence of the importance of mediators of the growth factor signaling in ER regulation, introducing the Akt2/FoxO3a axis as a pursuable target in therapy for ER-positive breast cancer. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.
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|Titolo:||Akt2 inhibition enables the forkhead transcription factor FoxO3a to have a repressive role in estrogen receptor α transcriptional activity in breast cancer cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|