This work focuses on the preparation of porous mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) by non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) using poly(vinylidenefluoride) (PVDF) as polymer and nano-sized silicalite-1 (S-1) and Ti-silicalite-1 (TS-1) seeds of MFI zeolite structure as inorganic fillers. These MMMs have been used as VOCs adsorbers. Different zeolite seed concentrations (up to 22 wt.%) were homogeneously dispersed into the polymeric matrix to evaluate the influence of the amount of zeolites on the membrane characteristics. In all cases, asymmetric porous membranes, made up of two layers were obtained: the bottom side exhibited spherulitic structure; whereas, at the top side, a smooth layer was observed. With respect to the neat PVDF membranes, the hydrophobic character was found to be improved by the zeolite addition; in particular S-1 nano-seeds. The mechanical properties of the membranes were reduced by the addition of the filler, although the mechanical resistance of the MMMs was still sufficiently preserved. Experiments of hexane adsorption were carried out in order to evaluate the performance of the adsorbers in Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) removal. The as-prepared composite porous membranes revealed high adsorption capacity, confirming their potential as adsorbers for removing VOCs traces from waste air environment.

PVDF-MFI mixed matrix membranes as VOCs adsorbers

Figoli A.;Santoro S.;Simone S.;Drioli E.
2015

Abstract

This work focuses on the preparation of porous mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) by non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS) using poly(vinylidenefluoride) (PVDF) as polymer and nano-sized silicalite-1 (S-1) and Ti-silicalite-1 (TS-1) seeds of MFI zeolite structure as inorganic fillers. These MMMs have been used as VOCs adsorbers. Different zeolite seed concentrations (up to 22 wt.%) were homogeneously dispersed into the polymeric matrix to evaluate the influence of the amount of zeolites on the membrane characteristics. In all cases, asymmetric porous membranes, made up of two layers were obtained: the bottom side exhibited spherulitic structure; whereas, at the top side, a smooth layer was observed. With respect to the neat PVDF membranes, the hydrophobic character was found to be improved by the zeolite addition; in particular S-1 nano-seeds. The mechanical properties of the membranes were reduced by the addition of the filler, although the mechanical resistance of the MMMs was still sufficiently preserved. Experiments of hexane adsorption were carried out in order to evaluate the performance of the adsorbers in Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) removal. The as-prepared composite porous membranes revealed high adsorption capacity, confirming their potential as adsorbers for removing VOCs traces from waste air environment.
MFI zeolite seeds; Mixed matrix membranes; PVDF membranes; VOCs removal
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/311017
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