Today, convolutional and deconvolutional neural network models are exceptionally popular thanks to the impressive accuracies they have been proven in several computer-vision applications. To speed up the overall tasks of these neural networks, purpose-designed accelerators are highly desirable. Unfortunately, the high computational complexity and the huge memory demand make the design of efficient hardware architectures, as well as their deployment in resource- and power-constrained embedded systems, still quite challenging. This paper presents a novel purpose-designed hardware accelerator to perform 2D deconvolutions. The proposed structure applies a hardware-oriented computational approach that overcomes the issues of traditional deconvolution methods, and it is suitable for being implemented within any virtually system-on-chip based on field-programmable gate array devices. In fact, the novel accelerator is simply scalable to comply with resources available within both high- and low-end devices by adequately scaling the adopted parallelism. As an example, when exploited to accelerate the Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Network model, the novel accelerator, running as a standalone unit implemented within the Xilinx Zynq XC7Z020 System-on-Chip (SoC) device, performs up to 72 GOPs. Moreover, it dissipates less than 500mW@200MHz and occupies ∼5.6%, ∼4.1%, ∼17%, and ∼96%, respectively, of the look-up tables, flip-flops, random access memory, and digital signal processors available on-chip. When accommodated within the same device, the whole embedded system equipped with the novel accelerator performs up to 54 GOPs and dissipates less than 1.8W@150MHz. Thanks to the increased parallelism exploitable, more than 900 GOPs can be executed when the high-end Virtex-7 XC7VX690T device is used as the implementation platform. Moreover, in comparison with state-of-the-art competitors implemented within the Zynq XC7Z045 device, the system proposed here reaches a computational capability up to ∼20% higher, and saves more than 60% and 80% of power consumption and logic resources requirement, respectively, ∼5.7× fewer on-chip memory resources.
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|Titolo:||Efficient deconvolution architecture for heterogeneous systems-on-chip|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|