The G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) activated by free fatty acids (FFAs) have emerged as new and exciting drug targets, due to their plausible translation from pharmacology to medicines. This perspective aims to report recent research about GPR120/FFAR4 and its involvement in several diseases, including cancer, inflammatory conditions, and central nervous system disorders. The focus is to highlight the importance of GPR120 in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). GPR120 agonists, useful in T2DM drug discovery, have been widely explored from a structure-activity relationship point of view. Since the identification of the first reported synthetic agonist TUG-891, the research has paved the way for the development of TUG-based molecules as well as new and different chemical entities. These molecules might represent the starting point for the future discovery of GPR120 agonists as antidiabetic drugs.

GPR120/FFAR4 Pharmacology: Focus on Agonists in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Drug Discovery

Carullo G.;Aiello F.
;
2021

Abstract

The G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) activated by free fatty acids (FFAs) have emerged as new and exciting drug targets, due to their plausible translation from pharmacology to medicines. This perspective aims to report recent research about GPR120/FFAR4 and its involvement in several diseases, including cancer, inflammatory conditions, and central nervous system disorders. The focus is to highlight the importance of GPR120 in Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). GPR120 agonists, useful in T2DM drug discovery, have been widely explored from a structure-activity relationship point of view. Since the identification of the first reported synthetic agonist TUG-891, the research has paved the way for the development of TUG-based molecules as well as new and different chemical entities. These molecules might represent the starting point for the future discovery of GPR120 agonists as antidiabetic drugs.
Adipogenesis
Animals
Carboxylic Acids
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Humans
Hypoglycemic Agents
Ligands
Mice
Phenylpropionates
Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
Structure-Activity Relationship
Sulfonamides
Drug Discovery
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/322976
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