Tourism is an engine of socio-economic progress and cultural development but could detrimentally affect the environment. The present study uses an extended Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) framework to examine, for the first time, the main determinants of carbon dioxide emissions in Italy's regions. Across the period 1995–2019, we analyse five possible driving channels of CO2 releases, comprising tourism, climate, demographic, economic, and techno-infrastructural variables. The panel data results highlight that waste and electricity consumption generated by tourism activities increase carbon dioxide emissions. Similarly, the tourism development index, derived from a principal component analysis, is a significant determinant of CO2 emissions. In addition, CO2 releases are larger for northern regions and lower for southern and central regions. Finally, airport density, GDP growth and investments harm the environment, while precipitations reduce carbon emissions.

The Italian Journey: Carbon dioxide emissions, the role of tourism and other economic and climate drivers

Bernardina Algieri
;
Rosetta Lombardo
2022

Abstract

Tourism is an engine of socio-economic progress and cultural development but could detrimentally affect the environment. The present study uses an extended Stochastic Impacts by Regression on Population, Affluence and Technology (STIRPAT) framework to examine, for the first time, the main determinants of carbon dioxide emissions in Italy's regions. Across the period 1995–2019, we analyse five possible driving channels of CO2 releases, comprising tourism, climate, demographic, economic, and techno-infrastructural variables. The panel data results highlight that waste and electricity consumption generated by tourism activities increase carbon dioxide emissions. Similarly, the tourism development index, derived from a principal component analysis, is a significant determinant of CO2 emissions. In addition, CO2 releases are larger for northern regions and lower for southern and central regions. Finally, airport density, GDP growth and investments harm the environment, while precipitations reduce carbon emissions.
CO2, Tourism, Economic and climate drivers, Italian regions
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/337483
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