Abstract: Soil monitoring is a key topic from several perspectives, such as moisture level control for irrigation management and anti-contamination purposes. Monitoring the latter is becoming even more important due to increasing environmental pollution. As a direct consequence, there is a strong demand for innovative monitoring systems that are low cost, provide for quasi-real time and in situ monitoring, high sensitivity, and adequate accuracy. Starting from these considerations, this paper addresses the implementation of a microwave reflectometry based-system utilizing a customized bifilar probe and a miniaturized Vector Network Analyzer (m-VNA). The main objective is to relate frequency-domain (FD) measurements to the features of interest, such as the water content and/or the percentage of some polluting substances, through an innovative automatable procedure to retrieve the Debye dielectric parameters of the soil under different conditions. The results from this study confirm the potential of microwave reflectometry for moisture monitoring and contamination detection.

A Method for Extracting Deybe Parameters as a Tool for Monitoring Watered and Contamined Soil

Raffaele Persico
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Abstract: Soil monitoring is a key topic from several perspectives, such as moisture level control for irrigation management and anti-contamination purposes. Monitoring the latter is becoming even more important due to increasing environmental pollution. As a direct consequence, there is a strong demand for innovative monitoring systems that are low cost, provide for quasi-real time and in situ monitoring, high sensitivity, and adequate accuracy. Starting from these considerations, this paper addresses the implementation of a microwave reflectometry based-system utilizing a customized bifilar probe and a miniaturized Vector Network Analyzer (m-VNA). The main objective is to relate frequency-domain (FD) measurements to the features of interest, such as the water content and/or the percentage of some polluting substances, through an innovative automatable procedure to retrieve the Debye dielectric parameters of the soil under different conditions. The results from this study confirm the potential of microwave reflectometry for moisture monitoring and contamination detection.
Keywords: microwave reflectometry; FDR measurements; bifilar probe; soil pollution; dielectric permittivity; Debye law
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/342067
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