Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men. Although epidemiologic studies show that a higher intake of polyphenols, curcumin (CUR), and quercetin (QRT), in particular, result in lower prostate cancer risk, the chemopreventive mechanisms underlying the effects of CUR and QRT have not been fully understood yet, and most investigations were conducted with individual compounds. Here, we investigated the anticancer and anti-inflammatory effects of CUR in combina- tion with QRT, respectively, in a human prostate cancer cell line, PC-3, and in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, and found that their combination significantly inhibited proliferation and arrested the cell cycle, inducing apoptosis, so exhibiting synergic activities stronger than single drug use. Moreover, via their antioxidant effects, the combination of CUR and QRT modulated several inflammation- mediated signaling pathways (ROS, nitric oxide, and pro-inflammatory cytokines) thus helping protect cells from undergoing molecular changes that trigger carcinogenesis. Although additional studies, including in vivo experiments and translational studies, are required, this study raises the possibility of their use as a safe, effective, and affordable therapeutic approach to prostate cancer.

Enhancing the Anticancer and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Curcumin in Combination with Quercetin, for the Prevention and Treatment of Prostate Cancer

Pellegrino M.;Frattaruolo L.;Cappello A. R.;Aquaro S.;Tucci P.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men. Although epidemiologic studies show that a higher intake of polyphenols, curcumin (CUR), and quercetin (QRT), in particular, result in lower prostate cancer risk, the chemopreventive mechanisms underlying the effects of CUR and QRT have not been fully understood yet, and most investigations were conducted with individual compounds. Here, we investigated the anticancer and anti-inflammatory effects of CUR in combina- tion with QRT, respectively, in a human prostate cancer cell line, PC-3, and in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells, and found that their combination significantly inhibited proliferation and arrested the cell cycle, inducing apoptosis, so exhibiting synergic activities stronger than single drug use. Moreover, via their antioxidant effects, the combination of CUR and QRT modulated several inflammation- mediated signaling pathways (ROS, nitric oxide, and pro-inflammatory cytokines) thus helping protect cells from undergoing molecular changes that trigger carcinogenesis. Although additional studies, including in vivo experiments and translational studies, are required, this study raises the possibility of their use as a safe, effective, and affordable therapeutic approach to prostate cancer.
2023
tumor, polyphenols, chemoprevention, inflammation, combination therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/360409
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