This paper proposes a novel Hamming distance tolerant content-addressable memory (HD-CAM) for energy-efficient in-memory approximate matching applications. HD-CAM exploits NOR-type based static associative memory bitcells, where we add circuitry to enable approximate search with programmable tolerance. HD-CAM implements approximate search using matchline charge redistribution rather than its rise or fall time, frequently employed in state-of-the-art solutions. HD-CAM was designed in a 65 nm 1.2 V CMOS technology and evaluated through extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Our analysis shows that HD-CAM supports robust operation under significant process variations and changes in the design parameters, enabling a wide range of mismatch threshold (tolerable Hamming distance) levels and pattern lengths. HD-CAM was functionally evaluated for virus DNA classification, which makes HD-CAM suitable for hardware acceleration of genomic surveillance of viral outbreaks, such as Covid-19 pandemics.

Hamming Distance Tolerant Content-Addressable Memory (HD-CAM) for DNA Classification

Garzon Esteban
;
Lanuzza M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel Hamming distance tolerant content-addressable memory (HD-CAM) for energy-efficient in-memory approximate matching applications. HD-CAM exploits NOR-type based static associative memory bitcells, where we add circuitry to enable approximate search with programmable tolerance. HD-CAM implements approximate search using matchline charge redistribution rather than its rise or fall time, frequently employed in state-of-the-art solutions. HD-CAM was designed in a 65 nm 1.2 V CMOS technology and evaluated through extensive Monte Carlo simulations. Our analysis shows that HD-CAM supports robust operation under significant process variations and changes in the design parameters, enabling a wide range of mismatch threshold (tolerable Hamming distance) levels and pattern lengths. HD-CAM was functionally evaluated for virus DNA classification, which makes HD-CAM suitable for hardware acceleration of genomic surveillance of viral outbreaks, such as Covid-19 pandemics.
2022
Approximate search
content addressable memory
DNA classification
hamming distance (HD)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/331880
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