This work presents energy advantages allowed by the technology and voltage scaling of spin-transfer torque mag-netic random access memories (STT-MRAMs) based on perpen-dicular double-barrier magnetic tunnel junction (DMTJ), with two reference layers. DMTJ is benchmarked against the single-barrier MTJ (SMTJ) -based alternative, and a comprehensive evaluation is carried out through a cross-layer simulation frame-work, considering state-of-the-art Verilog-A based SMTJ and DMTJ compact models, along with a 0.8V FinFET technology. Simulation results show that, thanks to the lower voltage op-erating point, DMTJ-based STT-MRAM allows energy savings for write/read operations of about 38%/45%, as compared to its SMTJ-based counterpart. Moreover, scaling from the 28 nm down to the 20 nm node, the DMTJ-based memory cell improves write/read energy of about 29%/33% at the expense of longer access times.

Voltage and Technology Scaling of DMTJ-based STT-MRAMs for Energy-Efficient Embedded Memories

Garzon Esteban;Lanuzza M.
2022

Abstract

This work presents energy advantages allowed by the technology and voltage scaling of spin-transfer torque mag-netic random access memories (STT-MRAMs) based on perpen-dicular double-barrier magnetic tunnel junction (DMTJ), with two reference layers. DMTJ is benchmarked against the single-barrier MTJ (SMTJ) -based alternative, and a comprehensive evaluation is carried out through a cross-layer simulation frame-work, considering state-of-the-art Verilog-A based SMTJ and DMTJ compact models, along with a 0.8V FinFET technology. Simulation results show that, thanks to the lower voltage op-erating point, DMTJ-based STT-MRAM allows energy savings for write/read operations of about 38%/45%, as compared to its SMTJ-based counterpart. Moreover, scaling from the 28 nm down to the 20 nm node, the DMTJ-based memory cell improves write/read energy of about 29%/33% at the expense of longer access times.
978-1-6654-2008-2
Double-barrier magnetic tunnel junction (DMTJ)
embedded memory
energy-efficient
FinFET
low-voltage
STT-MRAM
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/338057
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