An innovative functional food with symbiotic and functional potential was produced by combining probi otic milk kefir, and white grape-seed pomace obtained by UAE (ultrasound-assisted extraction) rich in catechin and glycosylated flavonoids. The milk kefir was fortified by adding, after 24 h of fermentation, a polymer of inulin grafted with seed extract. The inulin/grape extract-enriched polymer showed a higher antioxidant profile (P < 0.05). Simulated in vitro digestion demonstrated that 50 g of the kefir product would result in the delivery of antioxidants equivalent to 300 mg of ascorbic acid. The integrity of the intestinal barrier functions was not compromised by kefir treatments (at 10 lg mL-1).

Milk kefir enriched with inulin-grafted seed extract from white wine pomace: chemical characterisation, antioxidant profile and in vitro gastrointestinal digestion

Umile Gianfranco Spizzirri;Francesca Aiello
;
Donatella Restuccia
2022

Abstract

An innovative functional food with symbiotic and functional potential was produced by combining probi otic milk kefir, and white grape-seed pomace obtained by UAE (ultrasound-assisted extraction) rich in catechin and glycosylated flavonoids. The milk kefir was fortified by adding, after 24 h of fermentation, a polymer of inulin grafted with seed extract. The inulin/grape extract-enriched polymer showed a higher antioxidant profile (P < 0.05). Simulated in vitro digestion demonstrated that 50 g of the kefir product would result in the delivery of antioxidants equivalent to 300 mg of ascorbic acid. The integrity of the intestinal barrier functions was not compromised by kefir treatments (at 10 lg mL-1).
Antioxidant activity, bioaccessibility, biopolymers, epithelial Caco-2 cells, fermented milk, gastrointestinal digestion, grafting reaction, grape pomace, kefir, symbiotic food.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/332579
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